This is a topic with much controversy, a maze of definitions and a lack of hard evidence!
VAP (Ventilator Associated Pneumonia)
PVAP (Possible Ventilator Associated Pneumonia)
VAE (Adult Ventilator Associated Event)
VAT (Ventilator Associated Tracheobronchitis)
VAC (Ventilator Associated Condition = VAE)
IVAC (Infection-related ventilator-associated complication)
PedVAE (Paediatric Ventilator Associated Event)
PNEU (Non-Ventilator Associated Pneumonia)
PNU 1 (Specific Site Algorithms for Clinically Defined Pneumonia)
PNU 2 (Specific Site Algorithms for Pneumonia with Common Bacterial or Filamentous Fungal Pathogens and Specific Laboratory Findings)
PNU 3 (Specific Site Algorithm for Pneumonia in Immunocompromised Patients)
- Events during ventilation causing changes in the fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) and Mean Airway Pressure (MAP) are associated with increases in patient length of stay as well as mortality.
- PedVAEs are not limited to infectious causes of respiratory deterioration but include other causes such as atelectasis,
pneumothorax, pulmonary oedema or pulmonary embolism
- The PedVAE definition algorithm is for use in surveillance; it is not a clinical definition algorithm
Ventilator Associated Pneumonia is a complication directly linked to invasive ventilation.
Please find our Evidence-Based Bundle below.